Important Facts About PMS Relief|Remedies|Treatment|Control

PMS Relief|Remedies|Treatment|Control fact -1:

Premenstrual syndrome or PMS for short is woman specific,menstrual period related,monthly recurring condition affecting millions of women.PMS is treatable through medications and simple lifestyle changes.PMS symptoms usually start at the age of twenty,subsides or less severe after the age of thirty five and totally disappears after menopause.

PMS Relief|Remedies|Treatment|Control fact -2:

Most of the women suffering this condition accept it as an unfortunate fact of life.In fact you may be amazed to know that mild symptoms like moodiness,fluid retention and cramps indicate that your reproductive system is normal and healthy.

PMS Relief|Remedies|Treatment|Control fact -3:

If you are a severe PMS sufferer you may feel as if your whole body’s metabolism has gone into turmoil and wait desperately for it to end.You may experience few or all of these symptoms such as headaches,cramps,feelings of bloating and breast tenderness.These symptoms are so wide ranging that there is no cure all.

PMS Relief|Remedies|Treatment|Control fact -4:

The menstrual cycle brings about more than 100 physical and emotional changes and can be dealt with by making lifestyle changes to reduce the discomfort. Though generally this condition is more annoying than disabling,for about 8% of PMS sufferers these symptoms are severe which bring about severe physical discomfort accompanied by depression.The onset of PMS starts about a week or two before the periods and stop suddenly as soon as bleeding starts.

PMS Relief|Remedies|Treatment|Control fact -5:

The menstrual cycle causes a flurry of activity in the female reproductive system every month .This starts with the release of a single mature egg from the ovary.When the egg waits in the fallopian tube the ovary also releases the hormones estrogen and progesterone to activate uterus lining creation for the egg development.If the egg is not fertilized,the uterus starts the monthly regenerative process of discarding the uterus lining by trickling out chemical substances called prostaglandins.These chemicals have the quality to constrict blood vessels and stimulate contractions for the release of the uterus lining.This process triggers symptoms like cramps that may start about a week before the period and remain till the period is over.Prostaglandins have inflammatory and pain causing qualities due to which PMS symptoms appear.

PMS Relief|Remedies|Treatment|Control fact -6:

If you have milder symptoms,mere lifestyle changes may be enough.For moderate to severe PMS you may need medications.The Combination of both life style changes and medication will help.The following tips may help.

1.Exercise regularly.

2.Eat healthy high protein,high fiber,low fat food.If possible avoid meat.It is found that vegetarians have fewer PMS symptoms compared to meat eaters.

3.Add calcium supplements to your diet.Calcium is found to be helpful against breast tenderness,bloating and moodiness.

4.Magnesium levels in the body fall during the last week of your menstrual cycle hence magnesium supplements help against headaches and irritability.

5.Take vitamin B complex.This vitamin acts in conjunction with magnesium to help body produce mood regulating chemicals dopamine and serotonin.

6.Normal over the counter pain relievers such as aspirin will help if you have pain.

7.Use of natural progesterone cream is found to be helpful.Use a 2% progesterone cream that contains at least 400mg of progesterone per ounce.Use the cream as per the instructions given.

St.John’s wort is useful against depression by increasing levels of brain chemical serotonin.This herb should not be used if you use oral contraceptives or antidepressants.

Evening primrose oil is useful against cramps,bloating and breast tenderness since it contains gamma-linolenic acid.This essential fatty acid acts against prostaglandins which are inflammatory and pain causing chemicals produced by the body during the period.

Chasteberry is a herb that maintains the ratio of estrogen and progesterone hormones to the optimum levels.It acts against bloating,depression and irritability.This herb must not be used along with oral contraceptives.


What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle. PMS symptoms occur in the week or two weeks before your period (menstruation or monthly bleeding). The symptoms usually go away after your period starts. PMS can affect menstruating women of any age. It is also different for each woman. PMS may be just a monthly bother or it may be so severe that it makes it hard to even get through the day. Monthly periods stop during menopause, bringing an end to PMS.

What causes PMS?

The causes of PMS are not clear. It is linked to the changing hormones during the menstrual cycle. Some women may be affected more than others by changing hormone levels during the menstrual cycle. Stress and emotional problems do not seem to cause PMS, but they may make it worse.

Diagnosis of PMS is usually based on your symptoms, when they occur, and how much they affect your life.

What are the symptoms of PMS?

PMS often includes both physical and emotional symptoms. Common symptoms are:

* acne * breast swelling and tenderness * feeling tired * having trouble sleeping * upset stomach, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea * headache or backache * appetite changes or food cravings * joint or muscle pain * trouble concentrating or remembering * tension, irritability, mood swings, or crying spells

* anxiety or depression

Symptoms vary from one woman to another. If you think you have PMS, keep track of which symptoms you have and how severe they are for a few months. You can use a calendar to write down the symptoms you have each day or you can use a form to track your symptoms. If you go to the doctor for your PMS, take this form with you.

How common is PMS?

Estimates of the percentage of women affected by PMS vary widely. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, at least 85 percent of menstruating women have at least one PMS symptom as part of their monthly cycle. Most of these women have symptoms that are fairly mild and do not need treatment. Some women (about three to eight percent of menstruating women) have a more severe form of PMS, called Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). See the question, "What is Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)?" below for more information.

PMS occurs more often in women who:

* are between their late 20s and early 40s * have at least one child * have a family history of depression * have a past medical history of either postpartum depression or a mood disorder

What is the treatment for PMS?

Many things have been tried to ease the symptoms of PMS. No treatment works for every woman, so you may need to try different ones to see what works. If your PMS is not so bad that you need to see a doctor, some lifestyle changes may help you feel better. Below are some lifestyle changes that may help ease your symptoms.

* Take a multivitamin every day that includes 400 micrograms of folic acid. A calcium supplement with vitamin D can help keep bones strong and may help ease some PMS symptoms.

Amounts of Calcium You Need Each Day Ages Milligrams per day 9-18 1300 19-50 1000 51 and older 1200 Pregnant or nursing women need the same amount of calcium as other women of the same age. * Exercise regularly. * Eat healthy foods, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. * Avoid salt, sugary foods, caffeine, and alcohol, especially when you are having PMS symptoms. * Get enough sleep. Try to get 8 hours of sleep each night. * Find healthy ways to cope with stress. Talk to your friends, exercise, or write in a journal. * Don’t smoke.

Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or naproxen may help ease cramps, headaches, backaches, and breast tenderness.

In more severe cases of PMS, prescription medicines may be used to ease symptoms. One approach has been to use drugs such as birth control pills to stop ovulation from occurring. Women on the pill report fewer PMS symptoms, such as cramps and headaches, as well as lighter periods.

What is Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)?

There is evidence that a brain chemical called serotonin plays a role in a severe form of PMS, called Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). The main symptoms, which can be disabling, include:

* feelings of sadness or despair, or possibly suicidal thoughts * feelings of tension or anxiety * panic attacks * mood swings, crying * lasting irritability or anger that affects other people * disinterest in daily activities and relationships * trouble thinking or focusing * tiredness or low energy * food cravings or binge eating * having trouble sleeping * feeling out of control * physical symptoms, such as bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, and joint or muscle pain

You must have five or more of these symptoms to be diagnosed with PMDD. Symptoms occur during the week before your period and go away after bleeding starts.

Making some lifestyle changes may help ease PMDD symptoms. See the question, “What is the treatment for PMS?” above for more information.

Antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) that change serotonin levels in the brain have also been shown to help some women with PMDD. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved three medications for the treatment of PMDD:

* sertraline (Zoloft®) * fluoxetine (Sarafem®) * paroxetine HCI (Paxil CR®)

Individual counseling, group counseling, and stress management may also help relieve symptoms.

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